This informative video serves as a one-stop resource for mastering jQuery, one of the most popular JavaScript libraries in use today. Starting with an introduction to what jQuery is, the video moves on to explore foundational topics like jQuery fundamentals and selectors. From there, delve into more advanced areas including DOM Manipulation, altering DOM elements, and understanding jQuery-specific DOM elements. The video also provides a detailed overview of AJAX—how to execute AJAX requests and the various methods jQuery provides for AJAX interactions.

Topics covered:

  • What is jQuery?
  • jQuery Fundamentals
    • Selectors
    • DOM Manipulation
    • DOM Altering
    • jQuery DOM elements
  • AJAX
    • jQuery AJAX Methods
    • Executing AJAX Requests

Video (in Bulgarian)

Presentation Content

What is jQuery?

  • jQuery is a cross-browser JavaScript library
    • Designed to simplify the client-side scripting of HTML
    • The most popular JavaScript library in use today
    • Free, open source software
  • jQuery’s syntax is designed to make it easier to
    • Navigate a document and select DOM elements
    • Create animations
    • Handle events
  • jQuery also provides capabilities for developers to create plugins for
    • Low-level interaction and animation
    • Advanced effects and high-level, theme-able widgets
    • Creation of powerful and dynamic web pages
  • Microsoft adopted jQuery within Visual Studio
    • Uses in Microsoft’s ASP.NET AJAX Framework and ASP.NET MVC Framework

Why jQuery is So Popular?

  • Easy to learn
    • Fluent programming style
  • Easy to extend
    • You create new jQuery plugins by creating new JavaScript functions
  • Powerful DOM Selection
    • Powered by CSS 3.0
  • Lightweight
  • Community Support
    • Large community of developers and geeks

How to Add jQuery to a Web Site?


  • Selection of DOM elements in jQuery is much like as in pure JavaScript
    • Selection of elements using CSS selectors $(selector)
    • Like querySelectorAll
      //by tag
      $("div") //document.querySelectorAll("div");
      //by class
      //by id
      //by combination of selectors
      $(" li")

Selection with jQuery

  • Selecting items with jQuery
    • Almost always returns a collection of the items
      • Even if there is only one item
    • Can be stored in a variable or used right away
    • The usage of the elements is always the same, no matter whether a single or many elements
      // select the item
  • More at:

DOM Traversal

  • As with plain JavaScript, the DOM can be traversed with jQuery
    • Properties for:
      • Next and previous siblings
      • Parents and children

DOM Traversal: Next and Previous

  •, jQuery.prev()
    • Returns the next/prev sibling
    • Returns an HTML element
      • Not a [text] node
  <li>Item 1</li>
  <li>Item 2</li>
  <li>Item 3</li>
var $first = $("li").first();
//logs "Item 1"
//logs "Item 2"

DOM Traversal: Parent

  • jQuery.parent()
    • Returns the parent of the element
  • jQuery.parents(selector)
    • Returns the first parent that matches the selector
<div id="wrapper">
 <ul id="items-list">
  <li>Item 1</li>
  <li>Item 2</li>
  <li class="special">Item 3</li>
  <li>Item 4</li>
var $node = $(".special");
$node.parent().attr("id"); //logs "items-list"
//logs "wrapper"
$node.parents("#wrapper")     .attr("id");
/logs "wrapper"

Adding Elements

  • Adding elements can
    • be done on the fly
    • jQuery.appendTo() / prependTo()
    • jQuery.append() / prepend()

Creating elements

Creating new elements is also easy

var $divElement = $('<div>');
var $anotherDivElement = $('<div />');

Removing Elements

  • You can also remove elements from the DOM
    • Just as easy
// Before
// Removing elements
// After

jQuery Objects

  • Selected with jQuery DOM elements are NOT pure DOM elements
    • They are extended
    • Have additional properties and methods
      • addClass () , removeClass () , toogleClass ()
      • on(event, callback) for attaching events
      • animate(), fade(), etc…
//Parsing a regular DOM element to jQuery Element
var content = document.createElement("div");
var $content = $(content);

Properties of jQuery Elements

  • jQuery elements extend regular DOM elements
  • Methods for altering the elements
    • jQuery.css(“color”, “#f3f”)
    • jQuery.html() returns the innerHTML
      • jQuery.html(content) sets the innerHTML
    • jQuery.text (content) sets the innerHTML, by escaping the content

jQuery Events

  • jQuery has a convenient way for attaching and detaching events
    • Works cross-browser
    • Using methods on() and off()
      function onButtonClick(){
      $("a.button").on("click", onButtonClick);
  • Optimize the event
    • Add it on the parent element
    • A bit different syntax
      function onListItemClick(){
      $("ul").on("click", "li", onListItemClick);

jQuery Chaining

  • The chaining paradigm is as follows:
    • If a method should return result -> Ok, return it
    • If a method should NOT return a result -> return this
  • jQuery implements this paradigm, so methods can be chained to one another:
    $('<button />')
      .html('Click me for success')
      .on('click', onSuccessButtonClick)

jQuery AJAX

  • AJAX stands for Asynchronous JavaScript and XML
    • Meaning asynchronously get data from a remote place and render it dynamically
  • jQuery provides some methods for AJAX
    • jQuery.ajax (options) – HTTP request with full control (headers, data, method, etc…)
    • jQuery.get ( url ) – HTTP GET request
    • ( url ) – HTTP POST request
    • jQuery(selector).load( url ) – loads the contents from the url inside the selected node


  • Create a slider control using jQuery
    • The slider can have many slides
    • Only one slide is visible at a time
    • Each slide contains HTML code
      • i.e. it can contain images, forms, divs, headers, links, etc…
    • Implement functionality for changing the visible slide after 5 seconds
    • Create buttons for next and previous slide
  • Using jQuery implement functionality to insert a DOM element before or after another element
  • By given an array of students, generate a table that represents these students
    • Each student has first name,last name and grade
    • Use jQuery
  • Implement functionality to change the background color of a web page
    • i.e. select a color from a color picker and set this color as the background color of the page
  • *Implement a GridView control
    • Rows can be added dynamically
    • A header row can be added dynamically
      • Each GridView can have at most one header row
    • Each row can have a nested GridView
      • Each GridView can have at most one nested GridView